Conflict of Laws

Conflict of laws (or private international law) is a set of rules that determines which legal system and which jurisdiction apply to a given dispute with an international nexus. There are some international treaties in the field of conflict of Laws (e.g. Hague Convention on wills). However, most of conflict of Laws is national law and varies from country to country. The three branches of conflict of laws are
• Jurisdiction – whether the forum court has the power to resolve the dispute at hand
• Choice of law – the law which is being applied to resolve the dispute
• Foreign judgments – the ability to recognize and enforce a judgment from an external forum within the jurisdiction of the adjudicating forum
Civil law lawyers refer to conflict of laws as private international law.


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